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Full text of "Rapid Population Growth Consequences And Policy Implications"

Developing countries: characteristics of, 9-10, 22-23, 34; economic growth in, 22-34; population projections for, 6-7, 10, 12; resource supplies in, 19-22; with low-density populations, 70-71, 72, 80
Dual economies, 32
Ecological problems. See Environmental quality; Resources
Economic development: and fertility control, 79-80, 85; and human resources, 30-33, 47-48, 52, 54, 64; individuals, households and, 22, 32-33, 79; and labor surplus, 76-77; and population policies, 27, 77, 94; and rapid population growth, 2, 8, 22-34; social effects of, 39. See also Agriculture; Technology
Education, in developing countries: and age structure, 9, 37-38; compulsory, 39-40, 85-86, 96; effects of fertility on, 33, 48-49, 54, 87, 89, 90, 94, 96-99; fertility control policies, 8, 29, 51-54, 85-86; and individual earnings, 48, 50; and population growth, 3, 31, 47-54; spending for and costs of, 3, 49-52, 87; and urbanization, 53. See also Economic development, and human resources; Enrollment ratios; Teachers
Egypt, 12, 14
Electricity. See Energy consumption
El Salvador, 14
Employment, 30, 70, 73, 96. See also Labor force; Unemployment and underemployment
Energy consumption, 18, 19-20, 65
Enrollment ratios, 3, 50- 52, 73, 87
Entrepreneurial sectors, 29
Environmental quality: costs of improving, 65-66; measuring changes in, 67; and population policy, 82, 95, 99; problems in low income countries, 67-68; and rapid population growth, 4, 17, 18, 64-69; and survival, 68-69
Europe, 32; population patterns in, 6-9, 12
Exports. See Trade
Family: attitudes of, 49, 91; and rapid population growth, 10, 39-40, 48-49, 79; welfare of, 3, 29. See also Children; Family size
Family planning: countries with, 4, 14-15; and health services, 57-58, 92; opposition to, 37, 39, 70-71, 80; and population policy, 70, 81, 85, 91, 93. See also Abortion, induced; Contraception; Fertility decline
Family size: and child development, 9, 33, 53-54, 61-64, 79, 93; and economic development, 32-33; fertility, mortality, and, 9-10, 60-61; freedom to determine, 81, 82, 93; perceiving costs of large, 12-14, 34, 54, 82; recommendations about, 82, 83, 93, 95-97; and urbanization, 43-44
Famine, 1,8,22,23,34
Fertility: 3, 6, 9, 37, 82; policy to increase, 71; socioeconomic indicators of, 8-9, 33-34, 35, 40, 97. See also Fertility decline; Population growth
Fertility control policies: 71, 93-99; ethical criteria for, 81-82, 87-89, 94, 97; formation and management of, 89-92; of involuntary control, 88; of offering material incentives, 88; goals of, 79-81; time horizon of, 78-79. See also Family planning; Population policies
Fertility decline: 4, 8-9, 58, 78-79, 93; economic effects of, 25, 27-31, 33, 34; and education, 51-54; delayed effects of, 54, 76, 78-79; preconditions for, 8-9,97
Fiji, 14
Food supply: and per capita food spending, 19, 25, 31, 49, 56; policies related to, 70, 72, 73-75, 77, 89; and rapid population growth, 1, 2, 8, 22, 23-27, 34; and world trade, 21, 32. See also Agriculture
Ford Foundation, 15
Foreign aid. See International aid
Freedom, to determine family size, 81, 93-94,96
Ghana, 14
Governments, agricultural policies of, 26; and intergroup conflict, 76; and population density, 35-36; and rapid population growth, 3, 39; population policies of, 4, 14, 93-95; revenue problems of, 49, 50, 87; social policies of, 96-97. See also Political consequences of rapid population growth; Population policies